Berlin is a city of culture, history and countless sights. The city was hit hard by the World War II and has been split in two by the Berlin Wall for years; therefore it is like a large open-air museum. The history is on every corner of the street.
On this article, I have tried to collect the best-known, most extraordinary and nicest sights of Berlin for you. Especially if you are coming in the city for the first time then you ‘ll get an idea of what Berlin is known for.
Berlin Wall Memorial
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, most pieces of the wall removed from the city as quickly as possible. For most of us who have not consciously experienced this division, it is now difficult to imagine what life was like with the wall. At this historic site on Bernauer Strasse, you get an idea of it, where you can see the last piece of Berlin Wall with the preserved grounds behind it. For more information visit the official website: https://www.berliner-mauer-gedenkstaette.de/en/
Holocaust Memorial is one of the most impressive sights in Berlin. It consists of more than 2,700 concrete blocks of different heights that commemorate the murdered Jews of Europe in World War II.
The area is open day and night and from all four sides where you can walk between the blocks and feel lost. Under the memorial, there is a very interesting exhibition where you can see photographs, letters, and biographies of the victims. For more information check the website: https://www.visitberlin.de/en/memorial-murdered-jews-europe
The museum island is a must for every museum lover! Here you will find the most important museums in Berlin. The Museum Island includes the following museums: Alte Nationalgalerie, Altes Museum, Bode Museum, Neues Museum, and the Pergamon Museum. The famous Nefertiti bust is on display at the Neues Museum, but unfortunately, you are not allowed to take photos. Another very interesting museum is the Pergamon Museum where you can see the Pergamon altar and the Gate of Babylon. It also has a nice exhibition of Islamic art.
Do you want to visit multiple museums? Then maybe it is worth buying a Museum Pass Berlin. Check the options on the link below: https://www.visitberlin.de/en/museum-pass-berlin
The Reichstag has been the seat of the German parliament since 1999. Modern architecture goes hand in hand with an age-old monument. From the modern glass dome, you can enjoy a fantastic view of the surrounding Berlin cityscape. The main hall of the parliament below can also be seen from inside the dome. The dome is open to visitors by prior online registration at: https://www.bundestag.de/en/visittheBundestag/dome/registration-245686
The Brandenburg Gate is considered the symbol of Berlin. Once built as a city gate, the Brandenburg Gate offered access to the city behind the city wall. The gate has experienced the Prussian Empire, the Third Reich, and the Cold War. The gate was placed on East Berlin territory between 1961 and 1989 and was enclosed by the Berlin Wall. When the Berlin Wall fell, the Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of the German unification.
The Gendarmenmarkt is called the most beautiful square in Berlin by many travel guides. When you get there you will also understand why; it is just very beautiful to see. The two identical domes and the concert hall from the 19th century take you to pre-war Berlin. The square is located in the Mitte district, just behind the Unter den Linden boulevard. During December, there is a beautiful Christmas market there that makes the square look even more like fairy-tale.
East Side Gallery
The East Side Gallery is an open-air gallery located near the center of Berlin, on Mühlenstraße in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. It consists of a series of murals painted directly on a long remnant of the Berlin Wall.
The Gallery consists of 105 paintings by artists from all over the world, painted in 1990 on the east side of the Berlin Wall.
Checkpoint Charlie is a former border crossing point in Friedrichstraße from the Berlin Wall era. Checkpoint Charlie was exactly at the border crossing between the American and the Russian sector. For foreigners, Checkpoint Charlie was the only possible way to get to East Berlin by car or bus. Soldiers and diplomats also made use of this border crossing. This border crossing point became the best known because it offered the fastest passage to the East German center.